CAT 2013 Exam

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Parts of Speech - 1

by Tiffany

Parts of Speech

Part One

Photo 19510

What are the parts of speech?

In grammar, we traditionally classify words based on eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, interjectionand conjunction. A part of speech doesn't explain what the word is - but rather, how the word is used in a particular sentence. A word which is a noun in one sentence may be a verb in another sentence. See Parts of Speech 2 and 3 here.

For example:

"A book can be fiction or non-fiction."

In this sentence, "book" is a noun and is the subject of the sentence.

"Sarah is going to book reservations at my favorite restaurant."

In this sentence, "book" is a verb and the subject is "Bridget."


Let's take a look at the different parts of speech!

Nouns

A noun can be a person, animal, place, thing or idea. In terms of an idea, this can range from a concept, substance or action, to a measure or quality:

Noun Examples
person man, woman, child, Amy, teacher
animal lion, cat, puppy, butterfly
place Taj Mahal, India, country, city, bridge
thing apple, desk, pencil, plant
idea hope, justice, love,freedom

Let's use some nouns in some sentences!

Noun Sentence
person Amy is a good friend of mine.
You are a great man.
Mr. Smith is a schoolteacher
animal A lion is sleeping in the den.
There are butterflies everywhere!
The cat purred at me.
place The Taj Mahal is very beautiful.
I want to visit India someday
The bridge is about to collapse
thing The apple is rotting..
Please come to my desk.
Do you have an extra pencil?
idea A mother's love will never die.
I believe in justice for all.
Your hope and faith gives me strength
Photo 19507

Pronouns

A pronoun replaces a noun or another pronoun - this is to make sentences faster and easier to read.

For example:

"The boy went to market and the boy bought some bread."

You can replace the second occurrence of "the boy" with the pronoun "he".

"The boy went to market and he bought some bread."


%{font-family:verdana}There are various types of pronouns, as listed in the table below:

Type of Pronoun Function and Example
Subjective Personal Pronoun I, you, she, he, it, we, you, they. The pronoun acts as the subject of the sentence "She is my best friend."
Objective Personal Pronouns Me, you, her, him, it, us, you, them.
Acts as an object of a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinitive phrase.
Please give the box to him
Possessive Personal Pronouns Mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, theirs.
"This cat is ours.
Demonstrative Pronouns This, that, these, those.
Points to a noun or a pronoun.
"Those trees cannot be cut down!
Interrogative Pronouns }Who, whom, which, what, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever.
Used to ask questions
"Who is going to the party tonight?"
p=. %{font-family:verdana; font-size:18px; color:#330066}*Parts of Speech*%

Part One

Photo 19510

What are the parts of speech?

In grammar, we traditionally classify words based on eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, interjectionand conjunction. A part of speech doesn't explain what the word is - but rather, how the word is used in a particular sentence. A word which is a noun in one sentence may be a verb in another sentence. See Parts of Speech 2 and 3 here.

For example:

"A book can be fiction or non-fiction."

In this sentence, "book" is a noun and is the subject of the sentence.

"Sarah is going to book reservations at my favorite restaurant."

In this sentence, "book" is a verb and the subject is "Bridget."


Let's take a look at the different parts of speech!

Nouns

A noun can be a person, animal, place, thing or idea. In terms of an idea, this can range from a concept, substance or action, to a measure or quality:

Noun Examples
person man, woman, child, Amy, teacher
animal lion, cat, puppy, butterfly
place Taj Mahal, India, country, city, bridge
thing apple, desk, pencil, plant
idea hope, justice, love,freedom

Let's use some nouns in some sentences!

Noun Sentence
person Amy is a good friend of mine.
You are a great man.
Mr. Smith is a schoolteacher
animal A lion is sleeping in the den.
There are butterflies everywhere!
The cat purred at me.
place The Taj Mahal is very beautiful.
I want to visit India someday
The bridge is about to collapse
thing The apple is rotting..
Please come to my desk.
Do you have an extra pencil?
idea A mother's love will never die.
I believe in justice for all.
Your hope and faith gives me strength
Photo 19507

Pronouns

A pronoun replaces a noun or another pronoun - this is to make sentences faster and easier to read.

For example:

"The boy went to market and the boy bought some bread."

You can replace the second occurrence of "the boy" with the pronoun "he".

"The boy went to market and he bought some bread."


%{font-family:verdana}There are various types of pronouns, as listed in the table below:

Type of Pronoun Function and Example
Subjective Personal Pronoun I, you, she, he, it, we, you, they. The pronoun acts as the subject of the sentence "She is my best friend."
Objective Personal Pronouns Me, you, her, him, it, us, you, them.
Acts as an object of a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinitive phrase.
Please give the box to him
Possessive Personal Pronouns Mine, yours, hers, his, its, ours, theirs.
"This cat is ours.
Demonstrative Pronouns This, that, these, those.
Points to a noun or a pronoun.
"Those trees cannot be cut down!
Relative Pronouns Whom, whom, that, which. Who, whomever, and whichever are also relative pronouns.
Used to link one phrase or clause to another phrase or clause.
"The man who wins the lottery will be very lucky."
Photo 19508


Verbs

%{font-family:verdana}A verb is one of the most important parts of a sentence. It describes an action.%

Generally speaking, verbs have a past, present or future tense. Let's take a look at the different ways you can use a verb in a sentence.

"The snow killed my plants."

The verb "to kill", used in past tense here, describes the action which the snow had taken upon the plants.

"The snow is killing my plants."

This sentence uses the verb "to kill" in the present tense, meaning the snow is in the process of killing my plants.

"The snow has killed my plants."

This sentence contains a compound verb - which is two verbs used together. In this case, the verbs "to have" and "to kill" are used. This compound verb describes an action which has taken place in the past.


Photo 19509

Image Credit:Foolsstopzanet,ananth,soupboy,Mathias-erhart

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    HelgeStohlmann
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    Wed, 12 Nov 2008 20:37:17 -0000

    Greetings from Germany! Thank you for your lesson. It adds to my knowledge of grammar. Do you ever sleep, or are you working all the time? Please have a look at the numerus of your eight parts of speech and make them either all singular or plural: "In grammar, we traditionally classify words based on eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, verb, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, interjections and conjunction."

    Best regards,

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    lucyinthesky
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    TiffanyThu, 13 Nov 2008 15:35:35 -0000

    Thank you Helge! How embarrassing for a grammar lesson to have grammar mistakes. P.S. I love sleep as much as I love Learnhub.

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